Exercise is a crucial component of managing diabetes. Regular physical activity can help to lower blood sugar levels, reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, manage weight, and improve mental health.
However, many people with diabetes may find it challenging to start an exercise program, especially if they prefer to work out at home.
This article aims to provide information on the best exercise for diabetes at home, the benefits of each type of exercise, and tips for starting and maintaining a successful exercise program with Diabetics Trust.
Benefits of Exercise for Diabetes Patients
- Lower Blood Sugar Levels
Regular physical activity can help lower blood sugar levels by increasing glucose uptake into the cells and reducing insulin resistance. That can also help to improve glucose control in the long term.
- Improved Insulin Sensitivity
Exercise has been shown to increase insulin sensitivity, making it easier for the body to use insulin effectively and regulate blood sugar levels.
- Decreased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
People with diabetes are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, but regular physical activity can help to reduce this risk by improving heart health and lowering blood pressure.
- Weight Management
Exercise is a key component of weight management and can help to control weight by burning calories and improving metabolism. It is important for people with diabetes at a higher risk of obesity.
- Improved Mental Health
Regular physical activity can also improve mental health by reducing stress and anxiety and increasing feelings of well-being. It helps people who may experience stress and frustration as they manage their condition.
Types of Exercises for Diabetes
Aerobic Exercise: Aerobic exercise is any physical activity that raises the heart rate and increases breathing for an extended period. Examples include walking, jogging, cycling, and swimming. Aerobic exercise can help to lower blood sugar levels, improve insulin sensitivity, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Resistance Training: Resistance training involves using weights or resistance bands to strengthen and tone muscles. This type of exercise can help to improve insulin sensitivity, increase muscle mass, and promote weight loss.
High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT): HIIT refers to alternating periods of high-intensity activity with periods of rest or low-intensity activity. It lower blood sugar levels, improve insulin sensitivity and increases endurance.
Yoga and Stretching: Yoga and stretching is the best exercise for diabetes at home. It can help to improve flexibility, balance, and overall physical and mental well-being. It can also be beneficial for people with diabetes, as it can help to reduce stress and improve glucose control.
Home Exercise Routines for Diabetes
Aerobic Exercise Routine
A simple aerobic exercise routine for people with diabetes could involve 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity, such as brisk walking or jogging, 3-5 times per week. Make sure to start slowly and gradually increase intensity over time as your fitness level improves.
Resistance Training Routine
A resistance training routine includes 2-3 sets of 8-12 repetitions of exercises for the major muscle groups, such as the legs, arms, and torso. It is important to use the proper form and start with light weights, gradually increasing weight as you get stronger.
HIIT Workout Routine
A HIIT workout routine has 30 seconds of high-intensity activity, such as jumping jacks or sprinting, followed by 30 seconds of rest. You could repeat this for a total of 10-15 minutes. You must gradually increase the duration and intensity of the HIIT workout over time.
Yoga and Stretching Routine
A yoga and stretching routine is 20-30 minutes of stretching and gentle yoga postures, such as downward-facing dog, warrior I, and child’s pose, performed 3-5 times per week. Listen to your body and not push yourself too hard, focusing on breathing, relaxation, and physical movement.
Sample Home Workout Plan for Diabetes
A sample home workout plan for diabetes could involve 30 minutes of brisk walking or jogging 3-5 times per week, 2-3 days of resistance training, and 2-3 days of yoga or stretching. It is important to consult with a doctor before starting an exercise program if you have any health concerns.
Best Time to Exercise for Blood Sugar Control
The best time to exercise for blood sugar control depends on several factors, like the type of diabetes a person has and the timing of their meals.
For people with type 1 diabetes, it is recommended to exercise simultaneously every day to maintain consistent insulin levels. It can prevent low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and improve blood sugar control overall.
For type 2 diabetes patients, the best time to exercise will depend on their daily schedule and medications. If someone takes insulin or oral medications that lower blood sugar, he should exercise before meals to avoid hypoglycemia.
It is recommended to exercise before a meal if blood sugar levels are over 250 mg/dL or if they are more than 200 mg/dL and increasing. On the other hand, if blood sugar levels are less than 100 mg/dL, you should wait until they recover to a safe level before exercising.
With the right approach, you can easily adjust physical activity into your daily routine, even from the comfort of your home. The exercises mentioned in this article are a great starting point for anyone looking to improve their physical health and manage their diabetes.
Whether you prefer cardio, strength training, or a combination of both, please choose the best exercise for diabetes at home that you enjoy and then stick to it. By incorporating physical activity into your daily life, you can take control of your diabetes and live a healthy, fulfilling life.
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